As with most other states, EMT Certification in Maryland is available for those with national level EMT certification. The state of Maryland also licenses those who pass its EMT licensure exam. Certification is a national level permit while license is a state level authorization, although these terms are taken to mean the same in general level discourse. Emergency Medical Technicians (EMT) are responsible for providing basic medical emergency care to patients of trauma, accidents and injuries, cardiac troubles, illnesses etc. before these patients can be moved to a medical facility. Certifications and licenses ensure that EMTs are qualified to deal with such emergencies.
EMT Certification in Maryland
NREMT is the national level body with the authority to issue national level EMT certifications. After completion of an entry level EMT course, candidates have to pass NREMT certification exams before they can apply for state licenses. Five types of NREMT certifications are granted and each is valid for two years. The entry level course has to be approved by the respective state and by the U.S. Department of Transportation EMT – Basic National Standard Curriculum. Applications for NREMT certification have to be made within two years (usually) of completion of the elementary course.
Certification from NREMT can be obtained after clearing its cognitive and psychomotor exams. The cognitive exam checks the theoretical grasp of the candidate over topics like cardiology, oxygenation, trauma, EMS operations, ventilation and the like. For EMT Basic certification, between 70 and 120 questions need to be answered on a computer within two hours. Psychomotor exam tests the candidate’s temperament in actually dealing with medical emergencies when the patient suffers from bleeding, cardiac disorders, accidents and injuries, trauma, complications related to certain illnesses etc.
Study Notes and Practice Exams for NREMT Certification
EMT Practice Test and EMT Achieve are two excellent online sources for preparation for NREMT certification exams. Both these are published by Brady Publishers and the former is a part of an online study guide by various authors. Practice tests can be taken online and scores are immediately available. EMT Achieve is a completely different learning experience providing notes supplemented by pictures, animations, illustrations, and videos for complete understanding. Again, results of its online tests provide comprehensive explanations and suggest further reading, making this a good source even for similar state level exams.
Becoming an EMT in Maryland
Maryland Institute for Emergency Medical Services (EMS) Systems is the licensure authority for EMT licenses in Maryland. Five levels of EMS providers are recognized in Maryland. These are First Responder (FR), EMT-Basic, Cardiac Rescue Technician (CRT), EMT-Paramedic, and Emergency Medical Dispatcher. State level permissions for operating as EMTs are referred to as Initial Certification for the first two EMS providers while for the latter three, these approvals are called Licensure. The following is a link to various EMS Providers application forms: http://www.miemss.org/home/FormsDocuments/Forms/tabid/68/Default.aspx
A candidate has to complete an EMT course approved by the said licensure authority and then successfully complete the Maryland State EMT written and practical exam. Those with NREMT certification or EMT license from another state can apply for EMT license in Maryland through the reciprocity application.